Stamp Duty When Purchasing a Property
In Singapore, purchasers of any property are required to pay tax known as the Stamp Duty. There are 2 types of stamp duties applicable to purchasers i.e. the Buyer Stamp Duty (BSD) and the Additional Buyer Stamp Duty (ABSD), which is applicable to certain groups of buyers.
Buyer Stamp Duty
The Buyer Stamp Duty (BSD) is calculated based on the purchase price or market value, whichever is higher.
Example: if you have bought a $1,000,000 property, the BSD payable is
First $180,000 x 1% = $1,800
Next $180,000 x 1% = $3,600
Subsequent $640,000 x 3% = $19,200
Total BSD payable = $1800 + $3600 + $19,200 = $24,600
A simplified calculation method if your property is above $360,000 will be taking the 3% of the purchase price/market value minus $5,400.
Using the above example of a $1,000,000 property, the BSD payable will be $1,000,000 x 3% – $5,400 = $30,000 – $5,400 = $24,600
Additional Buyer Stamp Duty
Additional Buyer Stamp Duty (ABSD) is an additional tax applicable to certain group of buyers. ABSD is not applicable to the following group of buyers:
- Commercial or industrial properties buyers.
- Singapore Citizens who does not own any Singapore residential properties at the time of their purchase.
- Singapore Citizens who are purchasing HDB flat or Executive Condominium.
For Singapore Citizens,
- If you own 1 residential property in Singapore, the ABSD payable is 7% of Purchase Price or Market Price, whichever is higher.
- If you own 2 or more residential properties in Singapore, ABSD payable is 10% of Purchase Price or Market Price, whichever is higher.
For Singapore Permanent Residents,
- If you are currently do not own any residential property in Singapore, ABSD payable is 5% of Purchase Price or Market Price, whichever is higher.
- If you are owning 1 or more residential properties in Singapore, ABSD payable is 10% of Purchase Price or Market Price, whichever is higher.
For Foreigners or Purchasers who are not individuals (Companies)
The ABSD payable is 15% of Purchase Price or Market Price, whichever is higher regardless the number of Singapore residential property you own at the time of purchase.
ABSD Applicable for 2 Or More Joint Purchasers
For purchases made jointly by 2 or more parties, the higher ABSD will be imposed.
Example 1: If a Singaporean wish to purchase a property together with a foreigner, the ABSD payable will be 15%.
Example 2: If two Singaporeans jointly purchase a property with one of them already own 2 residential properties at the time of purchase, the ABSD payable will be 10%.
Remission of ABSD
Married Couples (with at least 1 Singaporean) can apply for refund of ABSD if they intend to dispose their current property to buy a new property. Neither party of the couple must possess any other property at the time of their purchase. The timeline to sell off their current property is within 6 months after their new property has TOP or sales completion date for resale
When are BSD and ABSD Payable?
Purchasers must pay both BSD and ABSD:
- within 14 days from date of execution of the Sales & Purchase Agreement/Option to Purchase if it is signed in Singapore or:
- within 30 days of its receipt in Singapore if it is signed overseas
Can I use my CPF to pay for BSD and ABSD?
Both the ABSD and BSD can be reimbursed from the buyer’s CPF if you wish to do so. However, you will have to pay up with cash first before the amount is reimbursed from CPF back to your bank account.
Stamp Duty When Selling a Property
Seller Stamp Duty (SSD) is only applicable to private residential properties and industrial properties which a property is sold within a stipulated holding period. It is calculated from the date that you have exercised your Option to Purchase/Sales & Purchase Agreement to your selling date on the same property.
The selling date refers to the date that your buyer has exercised his/her Option to Purchase. SSD is calculated based on the selling price or market value, whichever is higher.
For Residential property,
For Industrial property,